04. Phthalates | v.20211122

4. Phthalates 

  • CPSIA Phthalate
Expanded Knowledge: On October 18, 2017, the CPSC voted to adopt a final rule banning phthalates, limiting their content in toys and child care products to no more than 0.1%, and the new rule will take effect 180 days after publication in the Federal Register.
After the new rules take effect, toys and child care products entering the U.S. must meet the requirements of the eight phthalates (DEHP, DBP, BBP, DINP, DIBP, DCHP, DPENP, DHEXP) restrictions, and the content of individual phthalates must not exceed 0.1 percent. Specific changes are as follows.
(1) The permanent restriction of five new phthalates (DINP, DIBP, DCHP, DPENP, DHEXP) in toys and child care products.
(2) expanded the scope of the ban on DINP from importable toys and child care products to all toys and child care products.
(3) removed the temporary ban on DIDP and DNOP, which the CPSC considers to be no reproductive hazard and low risk associated with the two o-benzenes.


DEHP: Di(2-ethyl)hexyl phthalate (high risk, most likely to FAIL)

DBP: Dibutyl phthalate

BBP: Butyl benzyl phthalate

DNOP: Di-n-octyl phthalate

DIDP: Diisodecyl phthalate

DINP: Diisononyl phthalate

DIBP: Diisobutyl phthalate

DPENP: Dipentyl phthalate

DHEXP: Dihexyl phthalate

DCHP: Dicyclohexyl phthalate

Note that the CPSC phthalate category (with a limit of 1000 ppm) is different from California Proposition 65. Companies intending to meet both the CPSC and California Proposition 65 phthalate requirements, the CPSC will test for a total of nine phthalates:

DEHP; DBP; BBP; DINP; DIBP; DPENP; DHEXP; DCHP, and California Proposition 65: DIDP.

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